Author Topic: (Abst.) Fumarate treatment in progressive MS  (Read 84 times)

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Offline agate

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(Abst.) Fumarate treatment in progressive MS
« on: August 27, 2014, 12:18:50 pm »
From Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders, August 19, 2014:

Quote
Fumarate treatment in progressive forms of multiple sclerosis: first results of a single-center observational study

Katrin Strassburger-Krogias
Department of Neurology, Ruhr University Bochum, St Josef-Hospital, Bochum, Germany
Gisa Ellrichmann
Department of Neurology, Ruhr University Bochum, St Josef-Hospital, Bochum, Germany
Christos Krogias
Department of Neurology, Ruhr University Bochum, St Josef-Hospital, Bochum, Germany
Peter Altmeyer
Department of Dermatology, Ruhr University Bochum, St Josef-Hospital, Bochum, Germany
Andrew Chan
Department of Neurology, Ruhr University Bochum, St Josef-Hospital, Bochum, Germany
Ralf Gold
Department of Neurology, Ruhr University Bochum, St Josef-Hospital, Gudrunstraße 56, 44791 Bochum, Germany
ralf.gold@rub.de

Objectives:

Therapeutic options in progressive forms of multiple sclerosis (MS) are still limited. Dimethyl fumarate (DMF) has immunomodulatory properties but may also exert antioxidative cytoprotective effects. Hence, it may be a therapeutic option for progressive MS. The aim of this observational study was to evaluate safety, adherence and efficacy of fumarates in patients with primary progressive MS (PPMS) or secondary progressive MS.

Methods:

Patients with progressive MS whose condition had failed to respond to standard therapies and had worsened received the fumarate mixture Fumaderm, licensed for psoriasis therapy in Germany, or DMF by pharmaceutical preparation (Bochum ethics approval no. 4797-13). At regular follow-up visits, tolerability and disease course were assessed.

Results:

Twenty-six patients [age 54 ± 7.8 years; female = 13 (50%); PPMS = 12 (46.2%); Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) = 6.0 ± 0.4 (range 3.5–8.0); disease duration = 14.1 ± 8.7 years] were initiated on treatment with Fumaderm (n = 18) or pharmacy-prepared DMF (n=8). During a mean follow-up period of 13.2 ± 7.5 months (range 6–30) only five patients (19.2%) reported minor complaints. In 15 patients (57.7%) EDSS remained stable. In five cases (19.2%) there was even a decrease in EDSS while in six patients (23.1%) there was an increase in EDSS of more than 0.5 points, reflecting deterioration. Laboratory values were controlled for lymphopenia, renal and hepatic values, without any safety problems. We observed no significant differences between the two pharmaceutical forms.

Conclusion:

Our pilot data indicate that fumarate therapy appears to be safe and well tolerated by patients with progressive MS. In more than 75% of cases no further disease progression was evident. However, controlled studies are warranted to evaluate the detailed therapeutic potential of fumarates and their long-term effects in progressive MS.
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SPMS, diagnosed 1980. Avonex 2001-2004. Copaxone 2007-2010.