Author Topic: (ECTRIMS) Arbaclofen Extended Release tablets for MS spasticity: randomized double-blind study  (Read 97 times)

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Offline agate

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This is probably promotional material for a specific drug but the claim is that Arbaclofen Extended Release Tablets are an improvement on other forms of baclofen currently being prescribed for MS spasticity.

Presented at the annual ECTRIMS conference (London, September 14-17, 2016):

Quote
A randomized, double-blind, parallel group study to compare the safety and efficacy of Arbaclofen Extended Release Tablets to placebo and baclofen for the treatment of spasticity in patients with multiple sclerosis

D. Kantor1, S.F. Hunter2, A. Dentiste3, M. Aikman3, P. Tyle3, S. Kaba3

1Kantor Neurology, Coconut Creek, FL, 2Advanced Neurosciences Institute, Franklin, TN, 3Osmotica Pharmaceuticals, Marietta, GA, United States

Objective:

To compare the efficacy and safety of Arbaclofen Extended Release Tablets (AERT) to placebo and baclofen over 12 weeks of treatment in patients with spasticity due to multiple sclerosis (MS).

Background:

Spasticity is common in MS and is associated with significant morbidity. The standard treatment is oral administration of baclofen, a γ-aminobutyric acid-b (GABA-b) receptor agonist. Baclofen is a racemic mixture and its efficacy is thought to be due to the R-enantiomer (arbaclofen). Therapeutic doses of baclofen can cause CNS side effects and decreased adherence and tolerability. AERT can reduce dosing frequency and adverse events.

Design/Methods:

This was a multicenter, randomized, double blind, active and placebo controlled parallel group study in adults with spasticity due to MS. The study compared AERT 20 mg BID with baclofen tablets 20 mg QID and matching placebo. The dose was titrated over 4 weeks followed by a 12-week maintenance period. The co-primary endpoints were the mean changes in Total Numeric-transformed Modified Ashworth Scale (TNmAS) and Clinician Global Impression of Change (CGIC) at the end of the maintenance period.
 
Results:

Of 354 randomized subjects, 59.0% had relapsing remitting and 36.7% had secondary progressive MS. The average baseline TNmAS score was 7.78. TNmAS and CGIC were statistically significant in favor of AERT group compared with placebo, while differences between AERT and baclofen were not statistically significant. MS Spasticity Scale (MSSS-88) showed a statistically significant improvement in AERT group compared with placebo. Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) showed a statistically significant increase in sleepiness in the baclofen group, but not in the AERT group compared to placebo. Drowsiness and dizziness were less frequent in AERT group compared with baclofen.

Conclusions:

This study demonstrated that AERT administered twice a day was efficacious, safe, and better tolerated than baclofen in MS patients with spasticity.

___________________
Disclosure:

Study supported by Osmotica Pharmaceutical.

Dr. Kantor has received personal compensation for activities with Avanir, Genzyme, Biogen Idec, Novartis, Questcor, Teva, Depomed, Osmotica, and Allergan. Dr. Hunter has received research support from Genzyme/Sanofi. Dr. Dentiste has received personal compensation for activities with Osmotica as an employee. Dr. Aikman has received personal compensation for activities with Osmotica as an employee. Dr. Kaba has received personal compensation for activities with Osmotica Pharmaceutical as an employee.
MS Speaks--online for 16 years

SPMS, diagnosed 1980. Avonex 2001-2004. Copaxone 2007-2010. Glatopa (glatiramer acetate 40mg 3 times/week) since 12/16/20.

 

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